During the 80s, US and some other European countries developed super computers, which were critical for developing satellites and nuclear weapons. These countries refused to transfer the knowledge of creating super computers to India, and it created a major issue in our progress.
It was in 1988, that the Indian Govt. established Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC). They were given a budget of Rs 30 crore (which was the cost required to purchase and import a super computer from USA, if allowed) and a time duration of 3 years to create Indiaâ€™s own super computer.
In 1991, India created itâ€™s own super computer: PARAM 8000, which surpassed several other super computers of that time; and directly placed us behind USA in terms of supercomputing power.
Last year, PARAM Super computers were declared as worldâ€™s most power efficient systems; and in 2013, 4 supercomputers were ranked in Worldâ€™s fastest 100 super computers.